Edorium Journal of

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery

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Original Article
Primary spontaneous hemopneumothorax: A meta-analysis study
Fahmi Kakamad1, Snur Othman2
1Sulaimaniya University, Department of cardiothoracic Surgery, Sulaimaniya, Iraq.
2Bioscience Center, Sulaimani, Goran Street, Iraq.

Article ID: 100010C04FK2016

Address correspondence to:
Fahmi H. Kakamad
Sulaimaniya University, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery

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How to cite this article
Kakamad F, Othman S. Primary spontaneous hemopneumothorax: A meta-analysis study. Edorium J Cardiothorac Vasc Surg 2016;2:6–11.

Although primary spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a surgical emergency, it has not yet been outlined well in literatures. The current meta-analysis study aims to highlight this issue. The search in the medical literatures revealed 35 studies which included 358 patients. Nineteen cases were female. Mean age at presentation was 28.7 years. Most common presentation was chest pain. Plain chest X-ray was the diagnostic tool of choice in most of the cases. Clinical features, procedures and complications were presented in tables. Conservative management along is sufficient in certain conditions. Emergency operation were performed when the patient developed shock and/or presented with continuous fresh bleeding more than 100 cc/hr after initial drainage.

Keywords: Emergency operation, Hemopneumothorax, Primary, Spontaneous

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Author Contributions:
Fahmi Kakamad – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Snur Othman – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
© 2016 Fahmi Kakamad et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.

About The Authors

Fahmi H. Kakamad is Senior House Officer at Sulaimani teaching hospital. His areas of interest include cardiothoracic and vascular surgery.

Snur Othman is a Researcher at Bioscience center for scientific research. She has interest in conducting epidemiological researches.

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